Many people believe that maths is a difficult subject that needs a prominent level of intelligence. This is not at all true. Maths is a subject that needs more conceptual understanding and practice than intelligence. With conceptual understanding and a little bit of practice, anyone can be a genius in maths.
For Class 1 Maths, CBSE has tried to introduce basic concepts in maths. In NCERT Books Class 1 Maths there are 13 chapters. All chapters are easy to understand with some tricks. Class 1 is the introduction to the basic maths concepts which are going to be useful in future studies.
Which concepts are there in NCERT textbook Class 1?
CBSE has prescribed NCERT textbooks for Class 1. Students must learn the fundamental concepts. The CBSE board aims to instruct students to build the basics of maths for future studies. NCERT Class 1 maths textbook is more of an exam-oriented textbook. But practicing questions given in the textbook will help in having coherent thinking. Chapter Shapes and Spac, explains different shapes and definitions of space in simple words. In the textbook, there are 4 chapters introducing numbers. There are 1 to 100 numbers. A student must learn to write 1 to 50 numbers in order and learn to count in any order between 1 to 100. There are two chapters introducing students to basic mathematical processes such as addition and subtraction. One chapter is for understanding time. It will teach fundamental concepts of time like morning, afternoon, evening, and night. One chapter is on Measurement, elaborating on qualitative terms of comparison in maths like big, short, thick, thin, etc. One of the most important chapters is Patterns. It is particularly important to develop reasoning ability in students. Then chapter Money introduces Indian currency and how to use it. Distinct types of notes and coins available in India are shown to make students aware of their surroundings. It is important to study all the chapters. NCERT publishes textbooks for Class 1 to Class 12 for the CBSE board. This will be the first NCERT book for many students in Class 1. NCERT textbooks are structured differently than other textbooks. Class 1 maths textbook will introduce students to how to use NCERT textbooks effectively. Students must pay attention to chapters like addition, subtraction, time, and money.
13 easy tricks to understand Class 1 Concepts for each chapter –
Reading textbooks will help in understanding mathematical ideas. But few tricks will help in the application of those concepts. Here are 15 easy tricks every student must know –
- Shapes & Space – To learn shapes a student needs to assemble each shape to the object near to him/her. There are 4 basic geometrical shapes students need to remember which are triangle, square, rectangle, and circle. There are other shapes which are semicircle, pentagon, and hexagon but these shapes are not needed to remember by their name but by the visual learning ability. By solving the question in the textbook, a student can learn better.
- Numbers from One to Nine – First write all numbers on one paper. Using fingers try to count 1 to 9 numbers. Then try the questions from the textbook.
- Addition – To master this chapter a student must have a clear understanding of numbers 1 to 9 and zero. The addition is easy to understand with a demonstration. Take around 20 crayons or pencils to understand this process. Start with taking 1 pencil and then another pencil and deduce your answer and understand what has happened there. Once you understand this basic concept, a student will not need a demonstration every time he/ she needs to do an addition.
4 Subtraction – This concept can also be understood by using the same trick used in addition. Using demonstration at first to understand the concept will be useful as a student at this age is likely to learn more visually than by just reading. This will develop their visual learning ability.
- Numbers from Ten to Twenty – In this chapter, a student must understand the number system. This chapter introduces double-digit numbers. Students should revise numbers from 1 to 9 first and then should write 10 to 20 numbers. Learning the sequence of numbers occurring can easily make grasp the actual number concept. This chapter will help in understanding forthcoming chapters in the Class 1 textbook.
- Time – This chapter needs a student to understand the different times in a day such as a morning, afternoon, evening, and night regarding daily chores. In the exam, the student will be given a day-to-day activity and will need to assign the right time. Using pictures and diagrams in textbooks students will easily understand this concept.
- Measurement – This chapter aims to develop logical thinking. It introduces students to the comparison of height, weight, distance, etc., terms. Gather different household items to understand the difference between big and small. Heavy and light, far and near, etc.
- Numbers from Twenty to Fifty – If earlier concepts of numbers are clear, then this will be the easiest chapter. Revise earlier chapters and write all the numbers from these chapters.
- Data handling – This might feel like the smallest chapter, but it is an application of what I have learned till now. Data handling requires basic reasoning ability.
- Patterns – This chapter will include applications from the first chapter. Finding a sequence is not as hard as it seems. Practicing questions will suffice.
- Numbers – It is an advanced level for the earlier three chapters which were based on numbers. Revise those three chapters and write numbers from 1 to 100.
- Money – This is an introduction to the functioning of Indian Currency. A student must get familiarized with Indian coins and notes.
- How many – Here the basic concept is counting numbers. Students are expected to apply counting to things that are in their surroundings.
Every concept from Class 1 is necessary to learn. Do not skip any concepts as they are quite easy to understand. Always look to apply concepts learned in the textbook. Instead of focusing on getting high scores to focus on developing logical, analytical, and reasoning skills which are expected from CBSE.